Ethics – Human Case Study (2010) - Performance of Pellets in Pellet Guns

Mon, 2012-02-27 10:42 -- pwhippey

Description of the Project

We plan to test two different types of pellets (pointy and hollow tipped) to measure what happens when we shoot into different materials (1' Styrofoam and 1/2' gyp rock) at various distances (25', 35' and 70'). We will be using two different pellet guns. One is 22 caliber which is spring loaded and one that is .177 caliber which is air powered . We both have our Fire Arms Safety course, and our parents have their safety courses, which are Hunters Safety and PAL (Possession Acquisition Licence). We are going to set up a stable shooting platform. We plan to set up our targets in front of the woods, that goes back more than 3 km, with no inhabitants so it is a safe set up. We will have qualified adult supervision at all times.

Advice or Ruling


In your project, you are using pellet guns that do not meet the requirement for a firearms license.I have sent you in an earlier email a copy of Policy 4.2.1: Use of Firearms, Hazardous Materials and Equipment. This requires that you each supply a copy of your Canadian Firearms Safety Course, and Student A has done this. The copy supplied by Student B, however, is not readable. Your adult supervisor has supplied a copy of his Wildlife Resources Card, thus demonstrating that he is an appropriate supervisor.

So as not to hold up your project, the The Ethics Committee approves your project for presentation at the Regional Science Fair and the Canada Wide Science Fair.

We do require Student B to submit a readable digital copy of his Canadian Firearms Safety Course certificate. Please do this as soon as possible.

We wish you all the best at your Regional Science Fair.

Your Project

If your proposed science fair project involves the participation of humans or the use of animals,

  1. Visit the Ethics web page so as to become familiar with the policies.
  2. Fill in the Request for Advice or a Ruling.
  3. Submit it to the Ethics Committee of your Regional Science Fair.


These case studies summarize interesting examples of science fair projects involving humans or animals submitted to the Youth Science Canada National Ethics Committee for review. A brief description of the proposed project is given, along with the ruling given by the Ethics Committee. Some details may have been changed in the descriptions so that the original source cannot be identified. The ethical challenges described have not been changed.